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What is the working principle of ozone generator?


What is the working principle of ozone generator?

Ozone Generator Principle: The ozone generator uses the principle of high-voltage discharge to convert oxygen into ozone. Ozone is a form that cannot be decomposed and cannot be stored. It needs to be used on-site, so any place where ozone can be used needs to use an ozone generator.
Ozone generator: It is widely used in the fields of drinking water, sewage, industrial oxidation, food processing and preservation, pharmaceutical synthesis and space sterilization. The ozone gas produced by the ozone generator can be used directly, or it can react with the liquid mixing reference through the mixing device. An ozone generator is a machine that generates ozone. An ozone generator is an air or water purification device. Its main function is to use ozone to kill bacteria and filter out pollutants. In case of sampling leakage, the ozone generator should be turned off immediately, and the ventilation equipment should be turned on for ventilation.
Ozone generators have many advantages such as mature technology, stable work, long service life, and large ozone output, so ozone generators are the most widely used in related industries at home and abroad.
Because ozone is composed of an oxygen atom carried by oxygen molecules, it is determined that it is only a temporary state. The oxygen atoms carried are used in addition to oxidation, and the rest are combined into oxygen to enter a stable state. Therefore, ozone has no secondary pollution.

The working principle of an ozone generator is based on the conversion of oxygen (O2) into ozone (O3) through a process called high-voltage discharge or corona discharge. This process involves creating an electrical discharge or arc between two electrodes, which ionizes the oxygen molecules and allows them to recombine into ozone molecules. The steps involved in the ozone generation process are as follows:

Oxygen Source: The ozone generator requires a source of oxygen, typically air or pure oxygen, to initiate the ozone generation process.

Oxygen Supply: The oxygen is supplied to the ozone generator through an inlet.

Corona Discharge: Inside the ozone generator, there are two electrodes separated by a dielectric material. When a high voltage is applied across these electrodes, a corona discharge occurs in the air gap between them.

Ionization: The high voltage causes electrons to collide with oxygen molecules, breaking them apart into individual oxygen atoms.

Ozone Formation: The individual oxygen atoms then quickly react with other oxygen molecules (O2) in the air to form ozone molecules (O3).

Ozone Output: The ozone gas produced in the generator is directed to the desired application area, where it can be used for various purposes such as disinfection, oxidation, and odor removal.

Decay of Ozone: Ozone is an unstable gas and has a short half-life, which means it tends to break down back into oxygen over time. This decay is a natural process, and the remaining ozone eventually reverts to oxygen, leaving no harmful by-products.

Ozone generators find applications in various fields such as water treatment, air purification, industrial processes, food preservation, and medical sterilization. However, it is essential to use ozone generators with caution as high levels of ozone can be harmful to humans and other living organisms. Proper safety measures and monitoring systems should be in place to ensure the ozone concentration remains within safe limits.

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